Lost at Sea: Where Is All the Plastic?

  title={Lost at Sea: Where Is All the Plastic?},
  author={Richard C. Thompson and Ylva S. Olsen and Richard P. Mitchell and Anthony Davis and Steven J Rowland and Anthony W. G. John and Daniel F. McGonigle and Andrea E. Russell},
  pages={838 - 838}
Millions of metric tons of plastic are produced annually. Countless large items of plastic debris are accumulating in marine habitats worldwide and may persist for centuries ([ 1 ][1]–[ 4 ][2]). Here we show that microscopic plastic fragments and fibers ([Fig. 1A][3]) are also widespread in the 


Plastic is cheap, ubiquitous and persistent. In 2010 the world produced 265M tonnes. Annual output is increasing with new uses and varieties augmenting demand. Plastic persists for centuries, much of

New Directions in Plastic Debris

The largest ever meeting focusing on plastic debris in the environment was recently held in Redondo Beach, California because representatives from industry, government, academia, and nongovernment organizations were united in their desire to identify solutions to reducing waste.

Assessing the impact of exposure to microplastics in fish Report – SC 120056

Each year approximately 245 million tonnes of plastic are used globally. This production volume, coupled with high durability, has led to widespread accumulation of discarded plastic in landfills and

Debris in Deep Water

  • M. Angiolillo
  • Environmental Science
    World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation
  • 2019

Go with the flow: the role of gateway and straits on plastic distribution

Plastic pollution is widespread throughout the marine environment representing a risk for ecosystems and human health when plastic enters the food chain. Understanding factors and processes

Plastic Debris in the World ’ s Oceans

Solid materials, typically waste, that has found its way to the marine environment is called marine debris. It is known to be the cause of injuries and deaths of numerous marine animals and birds,

Introduction Our plastic age

Within the last few decades, plastics have revolutionized our daily lives. Globally we use in excess of 260 million tonnes of plastic per annum, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of world oil



The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review.

  • J. Derraik
  • Environmental Science
    Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2002

Polystyrene Spherules in Coastal Waters

White, opaque spherules are selectively consumed by 8 species of fish out of 14 species examined, and a chaetognath, and ingestion of the plastic may lead to intestinal blockage in smaller fish.

Birembaut for help with sample collection and analysis

    Materials and methods are available as supporting material online on Science Online