Lost Roots: How Project Management Came to Emphasize Control over Flexibility and Novelty

@article{Lenfle2010LostRH,
  title={Lost Roots: How Project Management Came to Emphasize Control over Flexibility and Novelty},
  author={Sylvain Lenfle and C. Loch},
  journal={California Management Review},
  year={2010},
  volume={53},
  pages={32 - 55}
}
The discipline of project management (PM) adheres to the dominant model of the project life cycle or phased stage-gate approach to executing projects. This implies a clear definition of mission and system are given at the outset (to reduce uncertainty), and subsequent execution in phases with decision gates. It contrasts with approach applied in the seminal projects that are credited with establishing the foundation of the discipline in the 1940s and 50s. Those projects started out with… Expand

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