Losses and lifetimes of metals in the economy

  title={Losses and lifetimes of metals in the economy},
  author={Alexandre Charpentier Poncelet and Christoph Helbig and Philippe Loubet and Antoine Beylot and St{\'e}phanie Muller and J. Villeneuve and Bertrand Laratte and Andrea Thorenz and Axel Tuma and Guido W Sonnemann},
  journal={Nature Sustainability},
The consumption of most metals continues to rise following ever-increasing population growth, affluence and technological development. Sustainability considerations urge greater resource efficiency and retention of metals in the economy. We model the fate of a yearly cohort of 61 extracted metals over time and identify where losses are expected to occur through a life-cycle lens. We find that ferrous metals have the longest lifetimes, with 150 years on average, followed by precious, non-ferrous… 

The Global Biogeochemical Cycle of Arsenic

Direct exploitation and use of arsenic resources has diminished in recent years, but inadvertent mobilizations of As from mineral extractions (metal ores, coal, and phosphate rock) are now as much as

Win-Win: Anthropogenic circularity for metal criticality and carbon neutrality

  • Xianlai Zeng
  • Environmental Science
    Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering
  • 2022
Resource depletion and environmental degradation have fueled a burgeoning discipline of anthropogenic circularity since the 2010s. It generally consists of waste reuse, remanufacturing, recycling,

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The accessibility to most metals is crucial to modern societies. In order to move towards more sustainable use of metals, it is relevant to reduce losses along their anthropogenic cycle. To this end,



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The dissipation of metals leads to potential environmental impacts, usually evaluated for product systems with life cycle assessment. Dissipative flows of metals become inaccessible for future users,

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Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be traced to five economic sectors: energy, industry, buildings, transport and AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other land uses). In this topical review, we

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As humanity’s demand on natural resources is increasingly exceeding Earth’s biological rate of regeneration, environmental deterioration such as greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere, ocean

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Global targets for metal flows, stocks, and use intensity in the global economy out to 2100 are developed and indicate that despite advances in low-carbon metal production, a transformative system change to meet the society's needs with less metal is required to remain within a 2 °C pathway.