Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects

@article{Whiting2003LossAR,
  title={Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects},
  author={M. Whiting and Sven Bradler and Taylor J. Maxwell},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2003},
  volume={421},
  pages={264-267}
}
The evolution of wings was the central adaptation allowing insects to escape predators, exploit scattered resources, and disperse into new niches, resulting in radiations into vast numbers of species. Despite the presumed evolutionary advantages associated with full-sized wings (macroptery), nearly all pterygote (winged) orders have many partially winged (brachypterous) or wingless (apterous) lineages, and some entire orders are secondarily wingless (for example, fleas, lice, grylloblattids and… Expand
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