Losartan and Sodium Nitroprusside Effectively Protect against Renal Impairments after Ischemia and Reperfusion in Rats.

Abstract

Ischemia and subsequent reperfusion are known to impair renal function. We examined several agents that might prevent renal impairment or enhance the recovery of renal function after ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats. Different degrees of preventive effects were observed in rats treated with captopril, BQ-123 (endothelin type A receptor antagonist), sodium nitroprusside (SNP, a nitric oxide donor), and losartan (angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist). Only minimal changes in renal morphology were observed after treatment with losartan, SNP, captopril, and BQ-123 compared with control animals. On the other hand, lesions were prominent in the N(G)-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)- and L-arginine-treated rats. The Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activity of ischemic kidneys was, however, preserved in all treatment groups, except in those treated with L-arginine and L-NAME, which showed a marked reduction in Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activity. Our post-treatment data suggest that losartan and SNP have the greatest potential for therapeutic use to mitigate post-ischemic renal damage and functional impairment.

DOI: 10.1248/bpb.b14-00860

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Cite this paper

@article{Srisawat2015LosartanAS, title={Losartan and Sodium Nitroprusside Effectively Protect against Renal Impairments after Ischemia and Reperfusion in Rats.}, author={Umarat Srisawat and Surachai Kongrat and Chatchai Muanprasat and Varanuj Chatsudthipong}, journal={Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin}, year={2015}, volume={38 5}, pages={753-62} }