Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: multitrait multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English.

@article{BenetMartnez1998LosCG,
  title={Los Cinco Grandes across cultures and ethnic groups: multitrait multimethod analyses of the Big Five in Spanish and English.},
  author={Ver{\'o}nica Benet‐Mart{\'i}nez and Oliver P. John},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={75 3},
  pages={
          729-50
        }
}
Spanish-language measures of the Big Five personality dimensions are needed for research on Hispanic minority populations. Three studies were conducted to evaluate a Spanish version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI) (O. P. John et al., 1991) and explore the generalizability of the Big Five factor structure in Latin cultural groups. In Study 1, a cross-cultural design was used to compare the Spanish and English BFI in college students from Spain and the United States, to assess factor congruence… 
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