Lords of the biosphere: Plant winners and losers in the Anthropocene

  title={Lords of the biosphere: Plant winners and losers in the Anthropocene},
  author={W. John Kress and Gary A. Krupnick},



Widespread homogenization of plant communities in the Anthropocene

The timeline of most naturalisations coincides with widespread human migration within the last ~500 years, and demonstrates the profound influence humans exert on regional biotas beyond changes in species richness.

People have shaped most of terrestrial nature for at least 12,000 years

The most up-to-date, spatially explicit global reconstruction of historical human populations and land use is used to show that the current biodiversity crisis can seldom be explained by the loss of uninhabited wildlands, resulting instead from the appropriation, colonization, and intensifiers of the biodiverse cultural landscapes long shaped and sustained by prior societies.

Valuation and Appreciation of Biodiversity: The “Maintenance of Options” Provided by the Variety of Life

  • D. Faith
  • Environmental Science
    Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
  • 2021
“Nature’s contributions to people” (NCP) is an important expansion beyond the standard ecosystem services framework, particularly as a pathway to better address global/regional biodiversity values.

Maximum levels of global phylogenetic diversity efficiently capture plant services for humankind.

This study draws on a global review of plant-use records to establish an empirical foundation that links evolutionary history to human wellbeing and serve as a discussion baseline to promote better-grounded accounts of the services that are directly provided by biodiversity.

Challenges to the Reforestation Pipeline in the United States

Large-scale global reforestation goals have been proposed to help mitigate climate change and provide other ecosystem services. To explore reforestation potential in the United States, we used GIS

Underestimating the Challenges of Avoiding a Ghastly Future

We report three major and confronting environmental issues that have received little attention and require urgent action. First, we review the evidence that future environmental conditions will be

Prevalence of sustainable and unsustainable use of wild species inferred from the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Findings on the prevalence of sustainable and unsustainable use, and variation across taxa, can inform international policymaking and offer suggestions for improving use-related Red List data.

Extinction risk and threats to plants and fungi

In conclusion, efforts toward comprehensive and ongoing assessment of plant and fungal extinction risk in the wild are expanded.