Lord, Peasant … and Tractor? Agricultural Mechanization, Moore’s Thesis, and the Emergence of Democracy

@article{Samuels2020LordP,
  title={Lord, Peasant … and Tractor? Agricultural Mechanization, Moore’s Thesis, and the Emergence of Democracy},
  author={David J. Samuels and Henry Thomson},
  journal={Perspectives on Politics},
  year={2020},
  volume={19},
  pages={739 - 753}
}
Conventional wisdom holds that landed elites oppose democratization. Whether they fear rising wages, labor mobility or land redistribution, landowners have historically repressed agricultural workers and sustained autocracy. What might change landowning elites’ preferences for dictatorship and reduce their opposition to democracy? Change requires reducing landowners’ need to maintain political control over labor. This transition occurs when mechanization reduces the demand for agricultural… 
2 Citations

The Geography of Democratic Discontent

Understanding the determinants of support for democracy remains at the heart of many puzzles in international and comparative political economy. A central but still unresolved topic in this

Did Industrialization Increase Support for the Radical Left? Evidence from the 1917 Russian Revolution

This paper explores the only universal election in Russia in the era of industrialization. Using a novel dataset on the 1917 Constituency Assembly elections, we find that a larger share of industrial

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES

Landowners and Democracy: The Social Origins of Democracy Reconsidered

Are large landowners, especially those engaged in labor-dependent agriculture, detrimental to democratization and the subsequent survival of democracy? This assumption is at the heart of both

Labor Shortages, Rural Inequality, and Democratization

A large body of scholarship has asserted that inequalities in the distribution of fixed assets act as a barrier to democratic transitions. This article proposes a theoretical and empirical amendment

Technological Change and Political Turnover: The Democratizing Effects of the Green Revolution in India

Can technological change contribute to political turnover? Influential theories suggest that technological change represents a form of creative destruction that can weaken incumbents and strengthen

Capitalist Development and Democracy.

It is a commonplace claim of Western political discourse that capitalist development and democracy go hand in hand. Crossnational statistical research on political democracy supports this claim. By

Landholding Inequality, Political Strategy, and Authoritarian Repression: Structure and Agency in Bismarck’s “Second Founding” of the German Empire

Canonical works and recent studies posit that authoritarian repression, like that targeting Social Democrats during the “Second Founding” of the German Empire, depends on structural factors such as

Rural Grievances, Landholding Inequality and Civil Conflict

Economic grievances, particularly those caused by landholding inequality, play a central role in theories of political instability and civil conflict. However, cross-national empirical studies have

Does Landholding Inequality Block Democratization?: A Test of the "Bread and Democracy" Thesis and the Case of Prussia

Recent cross-national studies have returned their attention to the structural determinants of political regimes, highlighting in particular the factor of as a decisive barrier to democratization.

Authoritarianism and the Elite Origins of Democracy

This book argues that in terms of institutional design, the allocation of power and privilege, and the lived experiences of citizens, democracy often does not restart the political game after

The agricultural transformation

Publisher Summary From both historical and contemporary cross-section perspectives, the agricultural transformation seems to evolve through at least four phases that are roughly definable. The
...