Looking forward backwards: Varieties of capitalisms, alternative futures, and learning landscapes

  title={Looking forward backwards: Varieties of capitalisms, alternative futures, and learning landscapes},
  author={Barry J. Hake},
  journal={European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults},
  • B. Hake
  • Published 22 February 2021
  • Economics
  • European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults
Critiques of capitalism have constituted the backbone of political economies addressing living, working, and learning conditions in a variety of forms of capitalism. This paper explores different approaches to representations of the future of (adult) education in capitalist Europe. It examines the 1960s and 1970s as a period when rapid technological change was addressed in studies of the future of Europe by proponents of post-industrial society, New Left public intellectuals, professional… 

Education permanente in post-war France, 1945–1960: Circulatory regimes and policy repertoires

  • B. Hake
  • Sociology
    Studies in the Education of Adults
  • 2021
Abstract The literature regarding the social organisation of ‘adult’ learning opportunities throughout the life course postulates different significations of policy concepts such as ‘lifelong

Mapping our way out? Critical reflections on historical research and the Faure report

  • B. Hake
  • Sociology
    European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults
  • 2021
Contributions to the literature have postulated an historical shift in policy narratives from the Faure report’s formulation of “lifelong education” for UNESCO in 1972 to a focus on “lifelong



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