Looking for post-traumatic growth in perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda: a discussion of theoretical and ethical issues

  title={Looking for post-traumatic growth in perpetrators of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda: a discussion of theoretical and ethical issues},
  author={Laura E R Blackie and Nicki Hitchcott and Stephen Joseph},
The theory of post-traumatic growth claims that, in the struggle to overcome difficult experiences, individuals may identify positive ways in which the experience has changed them. There is extensive evidence of survivors of extreme adversities reporting the phenomenon across different cultures. Although reconciliation involves facilitating positive changes in the identities of perpetrators, post-traumatic growth has not yet been studied in relation to perpetrators of political violence. In… 
Trust in the aftermath of genocide: Insights from Rwandan life histories
We study changes in inter- and intra-ethnic trust in Rwanda. We focus on the impact of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi, which is a case of group-selective violence marked by a clear perpetrator-group
Introductory Reflections on Perpetrators of Crimes Against Humanity and their Representation in Documentary Film
ABSTRACT In recent years the number of diverse forms of cultural productions focused on the perpetrators has increased significantly eliciting thus a turn toward this problematic figure. The


Refining our Understanding of Traumatic Growth in the Face of Terrorism: Moving from Meaning Cognitions to Doing what is Meaningful
Recent studies related to global terrorism have suggested the potential of posttraumatic growth (PTG) following experiences of terror exposure. However, investigations of whether psychological
Post-traumatic growth and the origins of early Christianity
This paper applies the concept of post-traumatic growth, and some contemporary psychological models of wisdom, to the phenomenon of the emergence and development of Christianity in the aftermath of
Making Sense of Imprisonment
  • E. V. van Ginneken
  • Psychology
    International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • 2016
It is argued that the initial shock of incarceration challenged prisoners’ assumptive worlds, but they managed to overcome this crisis by finding meaning in the prison experience and using it as an opportunity for personal development, which facilitated a positive reconstruction of their identity.
Posttraumatic Growth in Sex Offenders
It was found that prison experiences forced the participants to change and took responsibility for the crime helped them engage in the therapy more fully and resulted in more posttraumatic growth.
Building a peaceful society: origins, prevention, and reconciliation after genocide and other group violence.
  • E. Staub
  • Political Science
    The American psychologist
  • 2013
The role of progressive change, that is, of psychological, behavioral, and social evolution, in both extreme violence and positive relations between groups is stressed; the role of passive bystanders in the unfolding of violence; and therole of active bystandership in the prevention of violence, in the promotion of reconciliation, and in the development of harmonious societies are stressed.
Post–traumatic Growth as Positive Personality Change: Evidence, Controversies and Future Directions
This target article focuses on the construct of post–traumatic growth—positive psychological change experienced as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances. Prominent
Mental health 15 years after the killings in Rwanda: imprisoned perpetrators of the genocide against the Tutsi versus a community sample of survivors.
In the survivor sample, the severity of PTSD and depression were both correlated with female gender, trauma exposure, and low levels of agreement to reconciliation, whereas in the perpetrators sample, this was not the case.