Looking for cognition in the structure within the noise

@article{Johnson2009LookingFC,
  title={Looking for cognition in the structure within the noise},
  author={Adam Johnson and Andr{\'e} A. Fenton and Cliff G Kentros and A. David Redish},
  journal={Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
  year={2009},
  volume={13},
  pages={55-64}
}
Neural activity in the mammalian CNS is determined by both observable processes, such as sensory stimuli or motor output, and covert, internal cognitive processes that cannot be directly observed. We propose methods to identify these cognitive processes by examining the covert structure within the apparent 'noise' in spike trains. Contemporary analyses of neural codes include encoding (tuning curves derived from spike trains and behavioral, sensory or motor variables), decoding (reconstructing… CONTINUE READING
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