Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions.

  title={Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions.},
  author={Peter J. Lang and Mark K. Greenwald and Margaret M. Bradley and Alfons O. Hamm},
  volume={30 3},
Colored photographic pictures that varied widely across the affective dimensions of valence (pleasant-unpleasant) and arousal (excited-calm) were each viewed for a 6-s period while facial electromyographic (zygomatic and corrugator muscle activity) and visceral (heart rate and skin conductance) reactions were measured. Judgments relating to pleasure, arousal, interest, and emotional state were measured, as was choice viewing time. Significant covariation was obtained between (a) facial… 

Emotional scenes and facial expressions elicit different psychophysiological responses.

  • G. AlpersDirk AdolphP. Pauli
  • Psychology
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2011

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Facial reactions to fear-relevant and fear-irrelevant stimuli

  • U. Dimberg
  • Psychology, Biology
    Biological Psychology
  • 1986

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Ss viewed a pleasant videotape either: (a) alone, (b) alone but with the belief that a friend nearby was otherwise engaged, (c) alone but with the belief that a friend was viewing the same videotape

Autonomic responses to affective visual stimulation.

Responses to mutilation materials indicated reactions of defense in fearful subjects and orientation in low-fear persons as well as a more pronounced tendency to judge mutilation slides more aversive than incongruous or neutral materials.