Looking Deathworthy

  title={Looking Deathworthy},
  author={Jennifer L. Eberhardt and Paul G. Davies and Valerie Purdie-Vaughns and Sheri L. Johnson},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={383 - 386}
Researchers previously have investigated the role of race in capital sentencing, and in particular, whether the race of the defendant or victim influences the likelihood of a death sentence. In the present study, we examined whether the likelihood of being sentenced to death is influenced by the degree to which a Black defendant is perceived to have a stereotypically Black appearance. Controlling for a wide array of factors, we found that in cases involving a White victim, the more… 

Juvenile Justice: Transfer to Adult

In the past, judges have not been able to consistently identify the most serious offenders, and there has been a tendency toward harsher sentencing that often reflected racial discrimination. If new

Perceptions of Defendant Culpability in Pretrial Publicity: The Effects of Defendant Ethnicity and Participant Gender

Previous researchers have found that individuals who are exposed to negative pretrial publicity (PTP) are more likely to judge a defendant guilty than individuals exposed to little or no negative

Black vs. White, Life vs. Death; Using Automatic vs. Controlled Processing as a Framework for Understanding Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System

An extensive amount of social science research has been conducted on issues related to the criminal justice system. From the moment a crime is witnessed until a verdict and sentence have been

Commentary: Pursuing justice in death penalty trials.

The onerous emotional toll encountered by capital jurors is examined in light of the findings of Corwin and colleagues regarding defendant remorse and juror's need for affect.

Mapping the Racial Bias of the White Male Capital Juror: Jury Composition and the “Empathic Divide”

This paper examines, in depth, the interactions between race and gender of juror and race of defendant in a simulated capital penalty-phase trial setting where participants were assigned to small

Perceptions of Alleged Criminals as a Function of Target Race, Media Presentation, and Prejudice Level

News reports of criminals often provide sympathetic descriptions of White criminals, while demonizing Black criminals; this discrepancy has been found to result in viewers holding racialized beliefs

Protecting Whiteness

Focusing on intergroup anti-non-White bias in the criminal justice system, little attention is given to how Whites may additionally be protected from negative police treatment. This study examines

Empathy, distance, and blame: juror perceptions of black male homicide victims in capital cases

Abstract The courts have consistently struggled with the discriminatory imposition of the death penalty. This research employs data from the Capital Jury Project which seeks to identify arbitrariness

#BlackLivesDon'tMatter: race-of-victim effects in US executions, 1976–2013

This paper examines the role of racial bias in the implementation of capital punishment. First, our analysis of existing literature confirms higher rates of capital punishment for those who kill

Dangerous Decisions: Influence of Juror Attitudes and Defendant Appearance on Legal Decision-Making

According to the dangerous decisions theory (Porter, S., & ten Brinke, L. (2009). Dangerous decisions: A theoretical framework for understanding how judges assess credibility in the courtroom. Legal



Racial Characteristics and the Imposition of the Death Penalty.

This paper explores the question of whether death penalty statutes passed after the 1972 Supreme Court decision in Furman v. Georgia successfully eliminate racial disparities in capital cases. Over

Defendant's Attractiveness as a Factor in the Outcome of Criminal Trials: An Observational Study1

Observers rated the physical attractiveness of 74 defendants in criminal court, covering a broad range of offenses. Seventy-three usable cases were obtained. For 67 defendants (excluding those who

The Influence of Afrocentric Facial Features in Criminal Sentencing

Analysis of a random sample of inmate records showed that Black and White inmates, given equivalent criminal histories, received roughly equivalent sentences, however, within each race, inmates with more Afrocentric features received harsher sentences than those with less Afrocultural features.

Cognitive Representations of Black Americans: Reexploring the Role of Skin Tone

Although evidence from a variety of disciplines suggests that skin tone is a basis of discrimination among Blacks, research in social psychology has virtually ignored this topic. Two experiments

Seeing black: race, crime, and visual processing.

Using police officers and undergraduates as participants, the authors suggest that some associations between social groups and concepts are bidirectional and operate as visual tuning devices--producing shifts in perception and attention of a sort likely to influence decision making and behavior.

Equal Justice And The Death Penalty: A Legal and Empirical Analysis

This bibliography was prepared by the Reference Staff of the University of Iowa Law Library and contains all published works within the following categories: Books and Monographs; Chapters in Books;

Perspectives on Racial Phenotypicality Bias

  • Keith B. Maddox
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2004
Analysis of research examining racial phenotypicality bias suggests that future examinations guided by the current framework can complement existing evidence toward a greater understanding of the role of phenotypic variation in social perception.

Legal Homicide: Death as Punishment in America, 1864-1982

Examines the fairness of the use of the death penalty and analyzes the effects of recent laws on the arbitrariness of capital punishment.

The role of Afrocentric features in person perception: judging by features and categories.

The hypothesis that group-related physical features may directly activate related stereotypes, leading to more stereotypic inferences over and above those resulting from categorization, was tested.