Longstanding dental pathology in Neandertals from El Sidrón (Asturias, Spain) with a probable familial basis.

@article{Dean2013LongstandingDP,
  title={Longstanding dental pathology in Neandertals from El Sidr{\'o}n (Asturias, Spain) with a probable familial basis.},
  author={M. Christopher Dean and Antonio Rosas and Almudena Estalrrich and Antonio Garc{\'i}a-Tabernero and Rosa Huguet and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Markus Bastir and Marco de la Rasilla},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2013},
  volume={64 6},
  pages={
          678-86
        }
}
Possible Further Evidence of Low Genetic Diversity in the El Sidrón (Asturias, Spain) Neandertal Group: Congenital Clefts of the Atlas
TLDR
The first cases in Neandertals of congenital clefts of the arch of the atlas are presented, which would fit the general scenario of high incidence of rare conditions among Pleistocene humans and the specific scenariothat emerges from Ne andertal paleogenetics, which points to long-term small and decreasing population size with reduced and isolated groups.
Skeletal Anomalies in The Neandertal Family of El Sidrón (Spain) Support A Role of Inbreeding in Neandertal Extinction
TLDR
At 49,000 years ago, the Neandertals from El Sidrón, with genetic and skeletal evidence of inbreeding, could be representative of the beginning of the demographic collapse of this hominin phenotype.
Evidence of toothpick groove formation in Neandertal anterior and posterior teeth.
TLDR
The results allow the identification and characterization of incipient toothpick grooves on the human fossil record and contribute to increase the knowledge on Neandertals behavioral and oral care habits.
Dental Abnormalities and Oral Pathology of the Pataud 1 Upper Paleolithic Human
TLDR
The Pataud 1 remains join a substantial sample of Pleistocene humans with congenital/developmental abnormalities, some of which (as in PataUD 1) consequently resulted in secondary abnormalities.
Ectopic maxillary third molar in Early Pleistocene Homo antecessor from Atapuerca-Gran Dolina site (Burgos, Spain).
TLDR
It is concluded that the most likely etiology for the ectopic position of the M3 is the lack of space in the maxilla, which is similar to that of an ectopic maxillary third molar in Homo antecessor.
New Neandertal wrist bones from El Sidrón, Spain (1994-2009).
Prehistoric dentistry? P4 rotation, partial M3 impaction, toothpick grooves and other signs of manipulation in Krapina Dental Person 20.
TLDR
The anomalous dental eruption features of the P4 and M3 are associated with several kinds of dental manipulations, which seem to have been palliative measures to “treat” the dental problems.
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