Longitudinal studies in organizational stress research: a review of the literature with reference to methodological issues.

  title={Longitudinal studies in organizational stress research: a review of the literature with reference to methodological issues.},
  author={Dieter Zapf and Christian Dormann and Michael Frese},
  journal={Journal of occupational health psychology},
  volume={1 2},
Demonstrating causal relationships has been of particular importance in organizational stress research. Longitudinal studies are typically suggested to overcome problems of reversed causation and third variables (e.g., social desirability and negative affectivity). This article reviews the empirical longitudinal literature and discusses designs and statistical methods used in these studies. Forty-three longitudinal field reports on organizational stress were identified. Most of the… Expand

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