Longitudinal cephalometric standards from 5 years of age to adulthood.

  title={Longitudinal cephalometric standards from 5 years of age to adulthood.},
  author={Samir E Bishara},
  journal={American journal of orthodontics},
  volume={79 1},
Most cephalometric standards available in the literature are cross-sectional in nature. In the limited number of longitudinal studies reported, the data were presented on a yearly basis. As a result, the orthodontist was faced with the dilemma of either using one cephalometric standard for both males and females and for all age groups or using a large number of standards, each specific for age and sex. The purpose of the present study was to explore the possibility of developing a limited… CONTINUE READING