Longitudinal Study of Procrastination, Performance, Stress, and Health: The Costs and Benefits of Dawdling

  title={Longitudinal Study of Procrastination, Performance, Stress, and Health: The Costs and Benefits of Dawdling},
  author={Dianne M. Tice and Roy F. Baumeister},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={454 - 458}
Procrastination is variously described as harmful, innocuous, or even beneficial Two longitudinal studies examined procrastination among students Procrastinators reported lower stress and less illness than nonprocrastinators early in the semester, but they reported higher stress and more illness late in the term, and overall they were sicker Procrastinators also received lower grades on all assignments Procrastination thus appears to be a self-defeating behavior pattern marked by short-term… 

Figures from this paper

Procrastination, Stress and Coping in Students and Employees
Throughout history, procrastination is seen as an unwanted behavior that can bring about negative consequences. Researches show that procrastinators have higher levels of stress than people who do
Longitudinal Examination of Procrastination and Anxiety, and Their Relation to Self-Efficacy for Self- Regulated Learning: Latent Growth Curve Modeling
Life in school and university is burdened with deadlines and seemingly endless amounts of work. Students must cope with stressful timeframes and manage their academic anxiety (Misra & McKean, 2000).
Procrastination, Affective State, Rumination, and Sleep Quality: Investigating Reciprocal Effects with Ambulatory Assessment
Procrastination is a prevalent problem among university students and associated with high long-term costs, but the short-term antecedents and consequences of procrastination are not well understood.
An investigation of the efficacy of acceptance-based behavioral therapy for academic procrastination.
Although a trend suggested that time management intervention participants completed more reading, no group differences in procrastination were revealed and the acceptance-based behavioral intervention was most effective for participants who highly valued academics.
Procrastination, Self-Esteem, Academic Performance, and Well-Being: A Moderated Mediation Model.
The current study attempts to provide a more detailed investigation regarding the effects of procrastination on well-being in a sample of Turkish undergraduate students (N = 348). Results confirm
Procrastination, self-regulation failure, academic life satisfaction, and affective well-being: underregulation or misregulation form
The aim of this study was to examine the role of self-regulation failure in procrastination. In addition, it also aimed to investigate the effects of procrastination on affective well-being and
Prediction and job-related outcomes of procrastination in the workplace
The findings suggest that the link between personality traits and workplace procrastination is not stable, is affected by different contexts, and interacts with other personality characteristics (specifically, dis-regulation of anxiety).
Does procrastination mediate the relationship between optimism and subsequent stress
This study tested the hypothesis that an inverse relation between optimism and subsequent stress would be partially due to levels of procrastination. One hundred seventy-three students from a liberal
Procrastination and Stress: Exploring the Role of Self-compassion
Although previous research has demonstrated that procrastinators experience high levels of stress, less is known about why procrastination is linked to stress. This study is the first to investigate


Procrastination and Task Avoidance: Theory, Research, and Treatment
An Overview of Procrastination. Procrastination Research: A Synopsis of Existing Research Perspectives. Assessment of Academic and Everyday Procrastination: The Use of Self-report Measures. Academic
Procrastination, Negative Self-Evaluation, and Stress in Depression and Anxiety
Procrastination is defined typically as an irrational tendency to delay tasks that should be completed (Lay, 1986). Procrastination is believed to be associated with several cognitive, behavioral,
Trait Procrastination, Agitation, Dejection, and Self-Discrepancy
The defining characteristic of trait procrastinators is the extension of temporal sequences between their intentions and their corresponding goal-directed behavior. Procrastinators are often acutely
Compulsive Procrastination: Some Self-Reported Characteristics
Further research must provide evidence for persistent procrastination as a personality disorder that includes anxiety, avoidance, and a fear of evaluation of ability.
Procrastination, busyness and bingeing.
  • R. Boice
  • Psychology
    Behaviour research and therapy
  • 1989
Psychometric validation of two Procrastination inventories for adults: Arousal and avoidance measures
Lay's (1986) General Procrastination (GP) and McCown and Johnson's (1989) Adult Inventory for Procrastination (AIP) measures were evaluated across two studies. In Study 1, both inventories were
Dimensions of Perfectionism and Procrastination
Considerable recent research in psychology has focused on the role of perfectionism in personal and social adjustment. Research in our laboratory has shown that perfectionism is linked to such
An assessment of appraisal, anxiety, coping, and procrastination during an examination period
High School students responded to an inventory which included dispositional measures of procrastination and social evaluation trait anxiety. Subsequently, and 7 days prior to their first examination
Procrastination: Why You Do It, What To Do About It
The classic guide to understanding and controlling one of the most common and frustrating behavioral problems. Based on years of counseling, psychologists Jane B. Burka and Lenora M. Yuen offer a