Longitudinal Analysis of Time, Engagement, and Achievement in At-Risk versus Non-Risk Students

  title={Longitudinal Analysis of Time, Engagement, and Achievement in At-Risk versus Non-Risk Students},
  author={Charles R. Greenwood},
  journal={Exceptional Children},
  pages={521 - 535}
  • C. Greenwood
  • Published 1 May 1991
  • Education
  • Exceptional Children
This longitudinal study investigated the effects of time spent in academic instruction and time engaged on elementary students' academic achievement gains. Three groups were compared over grades as follows: (a) an at-risk experimental group of low-socioeconomic status (SES) students for whom teachers implemented classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) beginning with the second semester of first grade continuing through Grade 3; (h) an equivalent at-risk control group; and (c) a non-risk comparison group… 

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