Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review

  title={Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review},
  author={C{\'i}ntia Chaves Curioni and Paulo Maur{\'i}cio Campanha Lourenço},
  journal={International Journal of Obesity},
OBJECTIVE:To assess the effectiveness of dietary interventions and exercise in long-term weight loss in overweight and obese people.DESIGN:A systematic review with meta-analysis.SUBJECTS:Overweight and obese adults—18 years old or older with body mass index (calculated as weight divided by the square of height in meters)>25.DATA SOURCE:Medline, Cochrane Library and Lilacs databases up to March 2003. Also, published reviews and all relevant studies and their reference lists were reviewed in… 
Comparison of weight loss among named diet programs in overweight and obese adults: a meta-analysis.
Weight loss outcomes for popular diets based on diet class (macronutrient composition) and named diet supports the practice of recommending any diet that a patient will adhere to in order to lose weight.
Physical activity, diet and behaviour modification in the treatment of overweight and obese adults: a systematic review
The treatment of overweight and obese individuals with training alone cannot be expected to result in any substantial weight loss but should be combined with diet and behaviour modification therapy, however training can be an important factor in preventing further weight gain, or in helping individuals maintain a lowered body weight.
Does the Method of Weight Loss Effect Long-Term Changes in Weight, Body Composition or Chronic Disease Risk Factors in Overweight or Obese Adults? A Systematic Review
Assessment of the effect of weight loss method on long-term changes in weight, body composition and chronic disease risk factors in overweight or obese adults found fat-free mass tended to be preserved when interventions included exercise.
Exercise for overweight or obesity.
The results of this review support the use of exercise as a weight loss intervention, particularly when combined with dietary change, and are associated with improved cardiovascular disease risk factors even if no weight is lost.
Impact of long-term lifestyle programmes on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight/obese participants: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Moderate-quality evidence from the present network meta-analysis suggests that D + E can be highly recommended for long-term obesity management and the evidence suggests a moderate superiority of D over E with respect to anthropometric outcomes.
[The effect of physical activity on weight loss].
  • E. Aadland, S. Anderssen
  • Medicine
    Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke
  • 2013
Physical activity appears to have little effect on weight loss in case of obesity, and should be interpreted in light of the fact that many studies are fraught with methodological shortcomings associated with the design of the interventions and the measurement of actual completed physical activity.
Efficacy of habit-based weight loss interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Average weight losses in adults with overweight and obesity using habit-based interventions appear to be of clinical benefit and there were statistically significant differences in weight loss between habit- based interventions and controls, post-intervention.


A meta-analysis of the past 25 years of weight loss research using diet, exercise or diet plus exercise intervention
Weight loss research over the past 25 years has been very narrowly focused on a middle age population that is only moderately obese, while the interventions lasted for only short periods of time.
Metabolic and weight loss effects of long-term dietary intervention in obese patients: four-year results.
Providing a structured meal plan via vitamin- and mineral-fortified liquid meal replacements is a safe and effective dietary strategy for obese patients and can improve certain biomarkers of disease risk.
Diet vs exercise in weight maintenance. The effects of minimal intervention strategies on long-term outcomes in men.
It is concluded that exercise is easier to maintain in men using minimal contact strategies than dietary approaches to weight control focusing on modification of energy intake, with subsequent benefits in terms of both overall maintenance and stability of weight.
Effects of lifestyle activity vs structured aerobic exercise in obese women: a randomized trial.
A program of diet plus lifestyle activity may offer similar health benefits and be a suitable alternative to diet plus structured aerobic activity for obese women.
Metabolic and weight-loss effects of a long-term dietary intervention in obese patients.
The hypothesis that defined meal replacements can be used for successful, long-term weight control and improvements in certain biomarkers of disease risk is supported.
Value of structured meals for weight management: risk factors and long-term weight maintenance.
Long-term maintenance of weight loss with meal replacements improves biomarkers of disease risk, and both groups of patients showed significant improvement in glucose, insulin, triacylglycerol, and systolic blood pressure.
The treatment and prevention of obesity: a systematic review of the literature.
The effectiveness of interventions to prevent and treat obesity in adults remains unclear, although behavioural therapy and multicomponent strategies may be useful, and research findings indicative of promising interventions are replicated.
Long-term weight-loss maintenance: a meta-analysis of US studies.
Five years after completing structured weight-loss programs, the average individual maintained a weight loss of >3 kg and a reduced weight of <3% of initial body weight.
Does physical activity prevent weight gain – a systematic review
Before new methods to improve exercise adherence are found, the role of prescribed physical activity in prevention of weight gain remains modest.