Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review

@article{Curioni2005LongtermWL,
  title={Long-term weight loss after diet and exercise: a systematic review},
  author={C{\'i}ntia Chaves Curioni and Paulo Maur{\'i}cio Campanha Lourenço},
  journal={International Journal of Obesity},
  year={2005},
  volume={29},
  pages={1168-1174}
}
OBJECTIVE:To assess the effectiveness of dietary interventions and exercise in long-term weight loss in overweight and obese people.DESIGN:A systematic review with meta-analysis.SUBJECTS:Overweight and obese adults—18 years old or older with body mass index (calculated as weight divided by the square of height in meters)>25.DATA SOURCE:Medline, Cochrane Library and Lilacs databases up to March 2003. Also, published reviews and all relevant studies and their reference lists were reviewed in… 
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Assessment of the effect of weight loss method on long-term changes in weight, body composition and chronic disease risk factors in overweight or obese adults found fat-free mass tended to be preserved when interventions included exercise.
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TLDR
The results of this review support the use of exercise as a weight loss intervention, particularly when combined with dietary change, and are associated with improved cardiovascular disease risk factors even if no weight is lost.
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[The effect of physical activity on weight loss].
  • E. Aadland, S. Anderssen
  • Medicine
    Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke
  • 2013
TLDR
Physical activity appears to have little effect on weight loss in case of obesity, and should be interpreted in light of the fact that many studies are fraught with methodological shortcomings associated with the design of the interventions and the measurement of actual completed physical activity.
Efficacy of habit-based weight loss interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Average weight losses in adults with overweight and obesity using habit-based interventions appear to be of clinical benefit and there were statistically significant differences in weight loss between habit- based interventions and controls, post-intervention.
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