Long-term use of high-heeled shoes alters the neuromechanics of human walking.

@article{Cronin2012LongtermUO,
  title={Long-term use of high-heeled shoes alters the neuromechanics of human walking.},
  author={Neil J. Cronin and Rod S. Barrett and Christopher P. Carty},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2012},
  volume={112 6},
  pages={
          1054-8
        }
}
Human movement requires an ongoing, finely tuned interaction between muscular and tendinous tissues, so changes in the properties of either tissue could have important functional consequences. One condition that alters the functional demands placed on lower limb muscle-tendon units is the use of high-heeled shoes (HH), which force the foot into a plantarflexed position. Long-term HH use has been found to shorten medial gastrocnemius muscle fascicles and increase Achilles tendon stiffness, but… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
The mechanism of foot rolling, with flattened foot arch, and significantly higher values of the vertical component of ground reaction force and shorter time might lead to overload in lowerlimb joints in young women.
Changes in lower limb muscle synchronisation during walking on high-heeled shoes
TLDR
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The effects of high heeled shoes on female gait: a review.
  • N. Cronin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology
  • 2014
TLDR
This review summarises recent studies that have examined acute and chronic effects of high heels on balance and locomotion in young, otherwise healthy women and discusses controversial issues, common study limitations and directions for future research.
Effects of high heeled shoes on gait. A review.
TLDR
Major changes were found in the rollover function of the feet, the ankle and knee joints and the lower back, while step length and balance were compromised.
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