Long-term temporal and spatial trends in eutrophication status of the Baltic Sea.

@article{Andersen2017LongtermTA,
  title={Long-term temporal and spatial trends in eutrophication status of the Baltic Sea.},
  author={Jesper Harbo Andersen and Jacob Carstensen and Daniel J Conley and Karsten Dromph and Vivi Fleming-Lehtinen and Bo G. Gustafsson and Alf B. Josefson and Alf Norkko and Anna Villn{\"a}s and Ciar{\'a}n Murray},
  journal={Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society},
  year={2017},
  volume={92 1},
  pages={135-149}
}
Much of the Baltic Sea is currently classified as 'affected by eutrophication'. The causes for this are twofold. First, current levels of nutrient inputs (nitrogen and phosphorus) from human activities exceed the natural processing capacity with an accumulation of nutrients in the Baltic Sea over the last 50-100 years. Secondly, the Baltic Sea is naturally susceptible to nutrient enrichment due to a combination of long retention times and stratification restricting ventilation of deep waters… CONTINUE READING