A 65-yr-old man who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with portal vein resection for pancreatic cancer is alive 8 yr after surgery. Originally, computed tomography (CT) revealed an 8-cm tumor in the pancreatic head. The tumor had infiltrated the portal vein, but grew expansively, so there was neither biliary obstruction nor jaundice. Pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the portal vein was performed for pancreatic cancer. Many tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were seen within cancer cell nests on routine histopathology. We performed immunostaining for CD8, and found that a large number of the lymphocytes were CD8+ T cells. The patient's prognosis was considered poor because the tumor was large and had infiltrated the portal vein. We suspect that long-term survival may be related to the response of CD8+ T cells to the cancer.