Long-term risks and benefits of early-age gonadectomy in dogs.

@article{Spain2004LongtermRA,
  title={Long-term risks and benefits of early-age gonadectomy in dogs.},
  author={C. Victor Spain and Janet M. Scarlett and Katherine Albro Houpt},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={2004},
  volume={224 3},
  pages={
          380-7
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term risks and benefits of early-age gonadectomy, compared with traditional-age gonadectomy, among dogs adopted from a large animal shelter. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS 1,842 dogs. PROCEDURE Dogs underwent gonadectomy and were adopted from an animal shelter before 1 year of age; follow-up was available for as long as 11 years after surgery. Adopters completed a questionnaire about their dogs' behavior and medical history. When possible, the… 

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