HPV Infection in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Islam Bakri Mohamed, Ibrahim Bakhit, Yousif Elemam
BACKGROUND Effective systemic therapy is considered essential to improve the outcome for patients with surgically resectable locally advanced esophageal carcinoma. We report the long-term results of our phase II study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by esophagectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy for potentially resectable esophageal carcinoma. METHODS Patients were staged with computed tomography scan (n = 70), endoscopic ultrasonography (n = 63), and laparoscopy with or without thoracoscopy (n = 70). The pretreatment stages were T2N0 (n = 1), T2N1 (n = 15), T3N0 (n = 13), and T3N1 (n = 41). Chemotherapy consisted of 2 or 3 cycles of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and paclitaxel followed by esophagectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients were monitored for recurrence and survival. RESULTS A total of 70 patients were enrolled (66 adenocarcinoma, 4 squamous cell carcinoma; 64 men and 6 women; median age, 60 years). Esophagectomy was performed in 63 patients. Operative mortality was 0%. The median overall survival of the entire group was 27.4 months. Seventeen patients were alive at a median follow-up of 62.8 months (range, 39.1 to 142). Fourteen patients were alive without recurrence at a median follow-up of 79 months (range, 39 to 138). Nodal status was an important predictor of overall survival. Patients who were downstaged experienced a significantly improved median survival of 63.4 months versus 21.5 months and overall survival (p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS This prospective study for esophageal carcinoma demonstrates encouraging long-term results. In particular, downstaging of the tumor with preoperative chemotherapy is predictive of better long-term outcome. Our results support the role for perioperative chemotherapy for locally advanced resectable esophageal cancer.