Clinical Consideration and Management of Impacted Maxillary Canine Teeth
- Belma Işık Aslan, Neslihan Üçüncü
One of the most important aspects to take into consideration when evaluating the outcome of treatment of impacted maxillary canines is the final periodontal status. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term periodontal response of palatally impacted maxillary canines aligned using a codified procedure and the 'Easy Cuspid' compared with contralateral spontaneously erupted teeth. The periodontal conditions of the adjacent teeth were also considered. From an initial sample of 124 patients, 33 patients (24 females and 9 males) were selected. All patients who had undergone surgical orthodontic treatment conducted in accordance with a standardized protocol were recalled for follow-up at an average of 4.6 years after the end of treatment. The average treatment time was 29 months and the mean eruption time of the previously impacted tooth was 3.1 months. The average probing depth values showed no significant clinical differences. Probing depths recorded at the vestibular surface of the lateral incisor (P < 0.05) and at the midpalatal/midlingual aspect of the first premolar were statistically significant in comparison with the control elements. Student's t-test was used to compare the test and control group values. Coefficient of reliability was set at P < 0.05. The use of a closed-flap surgical technique in association with a codified orthodontic traction system (Easy Cuspid) allowed alignment of palatally impacted canines without damage to the periodontium.