Long-term intramuscular electrical activation of the phrenic nerve: safety and reliability

Abstract

The safety and reliability of a system for long-term intramuscular electrical activation of the phrenic nerve was evaluated in seven dogs. In this system, electrodes are implanted bilaterally into the diaphragm without directly contacting the phrenic nerve using a laparoscope to direct placement. Five dogs underwent chronic bilateral intramuscular diaphragm… (More)

Topics

9 Figures and Tables