Long-term effects of repeated exposure to media violence in childhood.

  title={Long-term effects of repeated exposure to media violence in childhood.},
  author={L. Rowell Huesmann and Laurie S. Miller},
About a quarter of a century ago, a young American radical, Stokely Carmichael, commented that violence was as American as apple pie! At least in terms of prevalence, nothing much seems to have changed since that time. The frequency of violence directed by one human being at another was appallingly high then and is appallingly high now. The United States is not the most violent society in the world. That distinction belongs to some of the less developed countries ravaged by wars, terrorism… 

Human aggression: A social-cognitive view

Aggressive and violent behavior by one human being toward another is not a new phenomenon. It was prevalent among our hunter/gatherer ancestors 25,000 years ago, among the Greek, Egyptian, and Roman

Imitation and the Effects of Observing Media Violence on Behavior

On the surface, to anyone who studies imitation, it would seem that exposure to violence in the real world or the media world would have obvious potential for stimulating violent behavior in the

Why Observing Violence Increases the Risk of Violent Behavior by the Observer

Severe violent behavior is almost always the product of predisposing individual differences and precipitating situational factors (Huesmann, 1998). One important environmental experience that

The role of media violence in violent behavior.

Media violence poses a threat to public health inasmuch as it leads to an increase in real-world violence and aggression and is moderated by the nature of the media content and characteristics of and social influences on the individual exposed to that content.

Child and Adolescent Homicide

Murders committed by children invariably arouse feelings of shock and dismay, and elicit probing questions about the social, psychological, or even biological factors that might account for such a

Media Violence and Attitude towards Ethno-Religious and Communal Conflict among the Undergraduate Youth

Ethno-Religious and Communal conflict is one of the serious challenges facing African nations and other parts of the world. This has sucked the blood of the innocent members of the communities and

The Violence Profile: Five Decades of Cultural Indicators Research

This study examines violence in prime-time broadcast network television programs aired between 1967 and 2015. The data show that violence has been a consistent and central part of programming,

Children and violence; a developmental perspective

A trend of increasing victimization of women and children in situations of war and community violence has emerged in the 20th century. Children are also exposed to violence in their own families, as

The origins of youth violence

Youth violence is a major public concern in all modern societies. To prevent this violence we need to understand how innocent young children grow into violent adolescents. Longitudinal studies of



TV Violence and Viewer Aggression: A Cumulation of Study Results 1956–1976

Can watching television violence lead to an increased level of aggression in the viewers of that violence? Using the data cumulation method, the author suggests that the collective findings of

The Immediate Effects of Media Violence on Behavior

The purpose of this paper is to review experimental studies and short-term field investigations designed to assess the influence of violence in the mass media on aggressive behavior in the viewer.

Effects of movie violence on aggression in a field setting as a function of group dominance and cohesion.

In the aggressive treatment cottage, which was most affected,Subjects who were most dominant, most popular, and least popular were influenced the most: an opposite effect was exhibited by those subjects who were judged as least aggressive by their peers.

Television and Violent Criminal Behavior: Beyond the Bobo Doll

Results show that the extent of a respondent’s reported television viewing was not, in and of itself, predictive of violent criminal acts, and the interaction of heavy doses of television viewing and exposure to either maternal or paternal abuse that related to violent crime.

Sexual Violence in the Media: Indirect Effects on Aggression Against Women

We present a model hypothesizing indirect effects of media sexual violence on aggression against women. It suggests that certain cultural factors (including mass media) and individual variables

School and Family Origins of Delinquency:Comparisons by Sex

It is argued that the failure to include the antisocial behavior of both males and females is a major shortcoming of research thus far into delinquency and criminality, and the differences in rates offer a major opportunity to investigate the conditions leading to delinquency.

Media Violence, Antisocial Behavior, and the Social Consequences of Small Effects

This paper shows in practical, quantitative, yet intuitive terms just what the social consequences are likely to be of the “small effects” typically found in research on media violence and antisocial

Prospective studies of crime and delinquency

1 Introduction.- I Criminal Behavior.- 2 Delinquency in Two Birth Cohorts.- 3 Offending from 10 to 25 Years of Age.- 4 Genetic Influence in Criminal Behavior: Evidence from an Adoption Cohort.- 5

Stability of aggressive reaction patterns in males: a review.

  • D. Olweus
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1979
The degree of longitudinal consistency in aggressive behavior patterns is much greater than has been maintained by proponents of a behavioral specificity position, and important determinants of the observed longitudinal consistency are to be found in relatively stable, individual-differentiating reaction tendencies or motive systems within individuals.