Long-term effectiveness of canine-to-canine bonded flexible spiral wire lingual retainers.

  title={Long-term effectiveness of canine-to-canine bonded flexible spiral wire lingual retainers.},
  author={Anne-Marie Renkema and Alianne A P Renkema and Ewald Bronkhorst and Christos Katsaros},
  journal={American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics},
  volume={139 5},
INTRODUCTION The flexible spiral wire (FSW) canine-to-canine lingual retainer bonded to all 6 anterior teeth is a frequently used type of mandibular fixed retainer. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of FSW canine-to-canine lingual retainers in maintaining the alignment of the mandibular anterior teeth after orthodontic treatment. METHODS The sample consisted of dental casts of 221 consecutively treated patients (75 girls, 146 boys) from the archives of the Department of… CONTINUE READING


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A prospective randomized study of different retainer types

  • I St€ ormann, U. Ehmer
  • J Orofac Orthop
  • 2002
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