Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

@article{Peterson2003LongtermER,
  title={Long-term ecosystem response to the Exxon Valdez oil spill.},
  author={Charles W. Peterson and Stanley D. Rice and Jeffrey W. Short and Daniel N. Esler and James L. Bodkin and Brenda E. Ballachey and David B. Irons},
  journal={Science},
  year={2003},
  volume={302 5653},
  pages={
          2082-6
        }
}
The ecosystem response to the 1989 spill of oil from the Exxon Valdez into Prince William Sound, Alaska, shows that current practices for assessing ecological risks of oil in the oceans and, by extension, other toxic sources should be changed. Previously, it was assumed that impacts to populations derive almost exclusively from acute mortality. However, in the Alaskan coastal ecosystem, unexpected persistence of toxic subsurface oil and chronic exposures, even at sublethal levels, have… CONTINUE READING

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