Long-term changes in forest composition and diversity following early logging (1919–1923) and the decline of American chestnut (Castanea dentata)

@article{Elliott2007LongtermCI,
  title={Long-term changes in forest composition and diversity following early logging (1919–1923) and the decline of American chestnut (Castanea dentata)},
  author={Katherine J. Elliott and Wayne T. Swank},
  journal={Plant Ecology},
  year={2007},
  volume={197},
  pages={155-172}
}
Chestnut blight fungus (Endothia parasitica [Murr.] P.J. And. & H.W. And.)) is a classic example of an invasive species, which severely damaged populations of its host, Castanea dentata, and had widespread and long-term impacts on eastern North American forests. Concurrently, forests were further disturbed by lumbering, which was common across the region from the mid 1800s to the early 1900s. In 1926, local infestations of chestnut blight were reported in the Coweeta Basin, Southern Appalachian… 
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TLDR
It is found that suitable habitat associated with higher elevations and areas of high forest canopy cover occurs throughout much of the southwestern portion of the historical range and that populations of American chestnut in these areas are predicted to drastically decline over the next ∼100-200 years without conservation interventions to mitigate the negative consequences of chestnut blight.
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In 1932, E. Lucy Braun surveyed a chestnut-dominated forest on Salt Pond Mountain in southwestern Virginia. The vegetation of this same site was resampled during the summers of 1982 and 1983 to
Changes in Vegetation Structure and Diversity After Grass-to-Forest Succession in a Southern Appalachian Watershed
TLDR
The severe disturbance increased the abundance of early successional woody species and of herbaceous genera that tolerate open habitats, such as Erichtites, Phytolacca, and Erigeron.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Forest Communities and Patterns
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TLDR
Comparisons of sprouting rates versus death rates over a three year period indicated a 30% increase in the number of chestnut stems giving the appearance of a growing population, succession toward beech-maple forests was evident at all three sites as is the case in many forested areas of this region.
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TLDR
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Decline of understory American chestnut (Castaneadentata) in a southern Appalachian forest
TLDR
Formerly numerous understory stems of American chestnut showed a precipitous decline in a 3-ha stem-mapped permanent plot in southwestern Virginia, United States, showing the probability of stem death appears to have been random in space.
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