Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children.

@article{Williams2006LongtermAF,
  title={Long-term antibiotics for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection in children.},
  author={Gabrielle J Williams and Long Wei and Anna Lee and Jonathan C Craig},
  journal={The Cochrane database of systematic reviews},
  year={2006},
  volume={3},
  pages={CD001534}
}
BACKGROUND Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in children. By the age of seven 8.4% of girls and 1.7% of boys will have suffered at least one episode. Symptoms include fever, lethargy, anorexia, and vomiting. UTI is caused by Escherichia coli in over 80% of cases and treatment consists of a course of antibiotics. Due to acute illness caused by UTI and the risk of pyelonephritis-induced permanent kidney damage, many children are given long-term antibiotics aimed at preventing… CONTINUE READING