Long-term X-ray Spectral Variability of the Nucleus of M81

Abstract

We have analyzed the soft X-ray emission from the nuclear source of the nearby spiral galaxy M81, using the available data collected with ROSAT, ASCA, BeppoSAX, and Chandra. The source flux is highly variable (sometimes dramatic: a factor of 4 in 20 days), showing variability at different timescales, from 2 days to 4 yr, and in particular a steady increase of the flux by a factor of k2 over 4 yr, broken by rapid flares. After accounting for the extended component resolved by Chandra, the nuclear soft X-ray spectrum (from ROSAT /PSPC, BeppoSAX/LECS, and Chandra data) cannot be fitted well with a single absorbed power-law model. Acceptable fits are obtained by adding an extra component, either a multicolor blackbody (MCBB) or an absorption feature. In the MCBB case, the inner accretion disk would be far smaller than the Schwartzchild radius for the 3 60 10 M nucleus, requiring a strictly edge-on inclination of the disk, even if the nucleus is a rotating Kerr black hole. The temperature is 0.27 keV, larger than expected from the accretion disk of a Schwartzchild black hole but consistent with that expected from a Kerr black hole. In the power law+absorption feature model, we have either high-velocity (0.3c) infalling C v clouds or neutral C i absorption at rest. In both cases the C :O overabundance is a factor of 10. Subject headings: galaxies: individual (M81) — galaxies: nuclei — X-rays: galaxies

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Parola2004LongtermXS, title={Long-term X-ray Spectral Variability of the Nucleus of M81}, author={V. La Parola and Giuseppina Fabbiano and Martin S. Elvis and Fabrizio Nicastro and Dong-woo Kim and G . Peres}, year={2004} }