Long-period grating and its cascaded counterpart in photonic crystal fiber for gas phase measurement.

Abstract

Regular and cascaded long period gratings (LPG, C-LPG) of periods ranging from 460 to 590 μm were inscribed in an endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) using CO(2) laser for sensing measurements of helium, argon and acetylene. High index sensitivities in excess of 1700 nm/RIU were achieved in both grating schemes with a period of 460 μm. The sharp interference fringes in the transmission spectrum of C-PCF-LPG afforded not only greatly enhanced sensing resolution, but also accuracy when the phase-shift of the fringe pattern is determined through spectral processing. Comparative numerical and experimental studies indicated LP(01) to LP(03) mode coupling as the principal coupling step for both PCF-LPG and C-PCF-LPG with emergence of multi-mode coupling at shorter grating periods or longer resonance wavelengths.

DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.020951

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Cite this paper

@article{Tian2012LongperiodGA, title={Long-period grating and its cascaded counterpart in photonic crystal fiber for gas phase measurement.}, author={Fei Tian and Jiri Kanka and Henry Du}, journal={Optics express}, year={2012}, volume={20 19}, pages={20951-61} }