Long-distance robotic telesurgery: a feasibility study for care in remote environments.

  title={Long-distance robotic telesurgery: a feasibility study for care in remote environments.},
  author={Reiza Rayman and K Croome and Nicholas Galbraith and R J McClure and Rashid Morady and Shannon H Peterson and Stephen J. Smith and Vanja Subotic and Aimee van Wynsberghe and Serguei Primak},
  journal={The international journal of medical robotics + computer assisted surgery : MRCAS},
  volume={2 3},
BACKGROUND Basic telesurgical manoeuvres were conducted with signal delays. METHODS Eight test subjects conducted four manoeuvres. Time delays of 0-1000 ms were investigated. Time to task completion and error rate were recorded in sequential delays of 0-600 ms. Additionally, blinded random delays of 0-1000 ms were studied. RESULTS In the sequential trials (0-600 ms), there were no significant differences in average task time compared to zero latency. The error rate remained low despite… CONTINUE READING

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