Long-distance communication of acoustic cues to social identity in African elephants

@article{McComb2003LongdistanceCO,
  title={Long-distance communication of acoustic cues to social identity in African elephants},
  author={Karen McComb and David Reby and Lucy Baker and Cynthia J. Moss and Soila Sayialel},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2003},
  volume={65},
  pages={317-329}
}
Abstract Research on long-distance vocal communication in mammals has tended to focus on the maximum distances over which a vocal signal might be physically detectable. For example, because elephants and some whales communicate using infrasonic calls, and low frequencies are particularly resilient to attenuation, it has often been assumed that these species can communicate over very long distances. However, a wide range of acoustic characteristics typically carry information on individual… 

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