Long-Term Outcomes of Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication in a High-Risk Pediatric Population.


INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) is the standard for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but postoperative complications and pain are common in patients with severe neurological impairment (NI) and those undergoing reoperative procedures. Transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) is an endoscopic alternative to treat GERD. Long-term results in pediatric populations are unknown. METHODS Eleven patients who underwent TIF between January 2008 and September 2010 were included. A retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate long-term patient outcomes. Median follow-up was 5.6 years (range = 0.42-8.76 years). RESULTS Average patient age was 16.5 ± 5.1 years. Severe NI was present in 81.8% (9/11) of patients, and 63.6% (7/11) had undergone one or more prior fundoplication attempts. Overall, symptomatic reflux recurred or persisted in 54.5% (6/11) of patients. Recurrent symptoms were more common among those who had previous fundoplications than those who did not (71.4% [5/7] vs. 25% [1/4]). Four patients went on to require reoperation, including one laparoscopic Nissen and three disconnects. At last follow-up, 81.8% (9/11) of patients were still on antireflux medications. CONCLUSIONS This is the first report of long-term outcomes for treatment of GERD using TIF in a pediatric population. The recurrence rate was high, likely related to the fact that the population treated was extremely high risk. Recurrence was higher in patients with a prior fundoplication, perhaps identifying prior antireflux operations as a relative contraindication to TIF. Nevertheless, complications were low, and a subset of patients did receive a durable benefit from the procedure.

DOI: 10.1089/lap.2017.0257

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@article{Robertson2017LongTermOO, title={Long-Term Outcomes of Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication in a High-Risk Pediatric Population.}, author={Jason O. Robertson and Marcus D Jarboe}, journal={Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A}, year={2017} }