Long‐lasting increase in voluntary ethanol consumption and transcriptional regulation in the rat brain after intermittent exposure to alcohol

@article{Rimondini2002LonglastingII,
  title={Long‐lasting increase in voluntary ethanol consumption and transcriptional regulation in the rat brain after intermittent exposure to alcohol},
  author={Roberto Rimondini and Christina Arlinde and Wolfgang H. Sommer and Markus Heilig},
  journal={The FASEB Journal},
  year={2002},
  volume={16},
  pages={27 - 35}
}
Prolonged exposure of the brain to ethanol is a prerequisite for developing ethanol dependence, but the underlying neural adaptations are unknown. Here we demonstrate that rats subjected to repeated cycles of intoxication and withdrawal develop a marked and long‐lasting increase in voluntary ethanol intake. Exposure‐induced but not spontaneous alcohol intake is antagonized by acamprosate, a compound clinically effective in human alcoholism. Expression analysis of cingulate cortex and amygdala… 
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