Long‐ but not medium‐term retention of olfactory memories in honeybees is impaired by actinomycin D and anisomycin

@article{Wstenberg1998LongBN,
  title={Long‐ but not medium‐term retention of olfactory memories in honeybees is impaired by actinomycin D and anisomycin},
  author={Daniel W{\"u}stenberg and Bertram Gerber and Randolf Menzel},
  journal={European Journal of Neuroscience},
  year={1998},
  volume={10}
}
Although work in a wide variety of species and paradigms has demonstrated that long‐term memory is sensitive to the blocking of protein synthesis, previous studies have suggested that the honeybee might represent an exception to this rule. Retention tested one day after training was not impaired by the inhibition of translation by cycloheximide. Using blockers of either transcription (actinomycin D) or translation (anisomycin), we present experiments that reconcile this unusual finding by… 
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The formation of memory was originally thought to occur through learning causing the formation of early short-term memory (STM), which transitions into long-term memory (LTM) through the process of
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TLDR
It is argued that this species-specific difference in LTM acquisition and formation is adaptive given the extreme differences in both the number of foraging decisions of the two wasp species and in the spatial distributions of their respective hosts in nature.
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TLDR
Between these two temporal extremes lies a unique form of intermediate-term synaptic plasticity and memory, which mechanistically is a blend of the early and late forms.
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The results support the idea that DNA recombination is a process specific to consolidation that is not involved in the postreactivation editing of memories.
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