Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality

  title={Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality},
  author={Julianne Holt-Lunstad and Timothy B. Smith and Mark W. Baker and Tyler Harris and David Stephenson},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={227 - 237}
Actual and perceived social isolation are both associated with increased risk for early mortality. In this meta-analytic review, our objective is to establish the overall and relative magnitude of social isolation and loneliness and to examine possible moderators. We conducted a literature search of studies (January 1980 to February 2014) using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Social Work Abstracts, and Google Scholar. The included studies provided quantitative data on mortality as affected by… 

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