Lone Geniuses in Popular Science

@article{Charney2003LoneGI,
  title={Lone Geniuses in Popular Science},
  author={D. Charney},
  journal={Written Communication},
  year={2003},
  volume={20},
  pages={215 - 241}
}
  • D. Charney
  • Published 2003
  • Sociology
  • Written Communication
Popular accounts of scientific discoveries diverge from scholarly accounts, stripping off hedges and promoting short-term social consequences. This case study illustrates how the “horse-race” framing of popular accounts devalues the collective sharing, challenging, and extending of scientific work. In her best-selling Longitude, Dava Sobel (1996) depicts John Harrison's 18th-century invention of a marine chronometer, a ground-breaking precision instrument that eventually allowed sailors to… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Social Role of Popularized Science
In this thesis I will argue that popularized science books should adhere to normative criteria regarding the presentation, interpretation, and understanding of the natural sciences. The increasingExpand
Between magic and reason: science in 19th century popular fiction
The scientist in fiction is much maligned. The mad, bad scientist has framed much of the debate about literary representations of science and with good reason since he is a towering icon of popularExpand
Spreading Chaos
Scientific popularizations are generally considered translations (often dubious ones) of scientific research for a lay audience. This study explores the role popularizations play within scientificExpand
Deconstructing the Outsider Puzzle: The Legitimation Journey of Novelty
TLDR
Whether an outsider’s new offer gains or is denied legitimacy is influenced by the outsider's agency to further a new offer, the existence of multiple audiences with different dispositions toward this offer, and the occurrence of an... Expand
Print Media Representations of Science Fairs
Science fairs are an almost unavoidable experience for students at some stage in public school. This paper examines how student projects and science fairs—and, by extension, professional science—areExpand
"A solution to a worrisome problem": the rhetoric of scientific discourse in a public policy dispute about the environment
The goal of this study is to demonstrate how rhetorical analyses of public discourse artifacts and practices reveal science as a civic discourse—with highly epideictic and deliberative purposes—thatExpand
Genetic sex:'A symbolic struggle against reality?'
TLDR
This thesis explores how the particular construction of the concept of ‘genetic sex’ relies on four features of biological sex (binary, fixed, spanning nature, and found throughout the body) and in addition proposes one unique feature, inheritance. Expand
Theorizing Chemical Rhetoric: Toward an Articulation of Chemistry as a Public Vocabulary
Chemistry has been a pivotal part of scientific discovery and human life for centuries. This essay argues that chemical terms, tropes, figures, appeals, and narratives serve as powerful rhetoricalExpand
Toward a history of explanation in science communication: the case of Madame Wu experiment on parity violation
By focusing on a specific episode of 20th Century physics — the discovery of parity violation in 1957 — the paper presents a study of the types of explanations of the crucial experiment as they areExpand
Trajectories of Socioscientific Issues in News Media: Looking into the Future
Socioscientific issues, such as global warming, constitute some of the most significant issues we face in our culture, yet they often appear to be poorly understood by the general public. Why mightExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Accommodating Science
This article studies the fate of scientific observations as they pass from original research reports intended for scientific peers into popular accounts aimed at a general audience. Pairing articlesExpand
Review of Kitcher: "The Advancement of Science: Science without Legend, Objectivity without Illusions"
Philip Kitcher's book begins with a familiar historical overview. In the 1940s and 50s a confident, optimistic vision of science was widely shared by philosophers and historians of science. The goalExpand
Rhetorical Convergence and Issue Knowledge in the 2000 Presidential Election
Both of us use similar language to reach an exactly opposite outcome. --Al Gore (presidential debate, October 17, 2000) Citizens often say that all politicians sound the same. While occasionally usedExpand
The Illustrated Longitude
Longitude, Dava Sobel's no.1 bestseller, is the elegant biography of the lone genius who solved the greatest scientific problem of his times. With new material from Dava Sobel and William Andrewes,Expand
Moving beyond the Moment
TLDR
The authors argue for studies using a variety of qualitative and quantitative methodologies that will explore the real-time responses of readers to scientific texts, test the effects of rhetorical strategies on readers, and track the course of acceptance or rejection over time. Expand
Technical knowledge and the mental universe of Manchester's early cotton manufacturers.
This essay focuses on the role that learned knowledge -- as distinct from practice -- played in the First Industrial Revolution. It departs from the view that only skilled artisans, who seldomExpand
Discourse Studies of Scientific Popularization: Questioning the Boundaries
This article critiques the `dominant view' of the popularization of science that takes it as a one-way process of simplification, one in which scientific articles are the originals of knowledge thatExpand
(Un-)Professional discourse?
The long-standing tension and conflicts between journalists and scientists surrounding the media reporting of science are explored in this article. Preliminary data were collected using video-tapedExpand
A Meaning for Machines: Modernity, Utility, and the Eighteenth‐Century British Public*
  • L. Stewart
  • Sociology
  • The Journal of Modern History
  • 1998
When Britons of the late eighteenth century contemplated the transformations that were occurring in industrial production—what by the 1830s Europeans would commonly call their IndustrialExpand
The Social Construction of Technology: Structural Considerations
Although scholarship in the social construction of technology (SCOT) has contributed much to illuminating technological development, most work using this theoretical approach is committed to anExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...