Logical reasoning and domain specificity

  title={Logical reasoning and domain specificity},
  author={Paul Sheldon Davies and James H. Fetzer and Thomas R. Foster},
  journal={Biology and Philosophy},
The social exchange theory of reasoning, which is championed by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, falls under the general rubric “evolutionary psychology” and asserts that human reasoning is governed by content-dependent, domain-specific, evolutionarily-derived algorithms. According to Cosmides and Tooby, the presumptive existence of what they call “cheater-detection” algorithms disconfirms the claim that we reason via general-purpose mechanisms or via inductively acquired principles. We contend… 

Revisiting Quine on Truth by Convention

It is argued that positing syntactic rules of inference as part of the authors' linguistic competence follows from the same methodology that leads contemporary linguists and cognitive scientists to posit rules of phonology, morphology, and grammar.

Systemic functional adaptedness and domain-general cognition: broadening the scope of evolutionary psychology

Against the massive modularity thesis, an account of systemic functional adaptedness is defended, according to which non-modular systems emerged because of adaptive problems imposed by the intrinsic physiology of the evolving human brain.

From Functional “Mess” to Bounded Functionality

It is suggested that cognitive systems are constrained by what I call bounded functionality, which makes use of Jacob's notion of evolution as a bricoleur and Simon's idea that problems can have ``satisficing'' solutions.

The prospects for an evolutionary psychology: Human language and human reasoning

Evolutionary psychology purports to explain human capacities as adaptations to an ancestral environment. A complete explanation of human language or human reasoning as adaptations depends on

The Foundations of Behavior: The Beliefs, Preferences, and Constraints Model

The rational actor model is a basic organizing principle in economic theory. As I shall explain below, biologists generally employ the same model in understanding the behavior of organisms, albeit


It is argued that these different forms of generalizing the theory of evolution can be systematically re-framed as different approaches for transferring justification from the natural to the cultural realm, and that their differences are basically a matter of degree.

Evolutionary psychology: the emperor's new paradigm

Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology

In Evolutionary Psychology as Maladapted Psychology, Robert Richardson takes a critical look at evolutionary psychology by subjecting its ambitious and controversial claims to the same sorts of methodological and evidential constraints that are broadly accepted within evolutionary biology.

'You scratch my back and I scratch yours' versus 'love thy neighbour': two proximate mechanisms of reciprocal altruism

Evolutionary psychologists generally believe that reciprocal altruism, the mutual providing of benefits, is governed by a ‘You scratch my back and I scratch yours’, or scorekeeping mechanism.

Evolutionary psychology: its programs, prospects, and pitfalls.

  • A. Neher
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychology
  • 2006
The emerging specialty of evolutionary psychology proposes that cognitive, notjust more fundamental, traits in humans are grounded in dedicated evolutionary programs, and maintains that the common assumption in psychology is mistaken.



Pragmatic reasoning schemas

Reasoning and Natural Selection

Adaptation Aspect of an organism that was created by the process of natural selection because it served an adaptive function Adaptive Contributing to the eventual reproduction of an organism or its

Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis

The foundations of scientific inference

Not since Ernest Nagel s 1939 monograph on the theory of probability has there been a comprehensive elementary survey of the philosophical problems of probablity and induction. This is an

Cognitive adaptations for social exchange.

It is argued that humans have a faculty of social cognition, consisting of a rich collection of dedicated, functionally specialized, interrelated modules organized to collectively guide thought and behavior with respect to the evolutionarily recurrent adaptive problems posed by the social world.

Connectionism and Cognition: Why Fodor and Pylyshyn Are Wrong

Recent excitement over the emergence of connectionism as a theory of the brain has been muted by a powerful critique advanced by Jerry Fodor and Zenon Pylyshyn (1988). The position which they develop