Logic, beliefs, and instruction: a test of the default interventionist account of belief bias.

@article{Handley2011LogicBA,
  title={Logic, beliefs, and instruction: a test of the default interventionist account of belief bias.},
  author={Simon Handley and Stephen E. Newstead and Dries Trippas},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={2011},
  volume={37 1},
  pages={28-43}
}
According to dual-process accounts of thinking, belief-based responses on reasoning tasks are generated as default but can be intervened upon in favor of logical responding, given sufficient time, effort, or cognitive resource. In this article, we present the results of 5 experiments in which participants were instructed to evaluate the conclusions of logical arguments on the basis of either their logical validity or their believability. Contrary to the predictions arising from these accounts… CONTINUE READING

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