Locating Specimens of Extinct Tiger (Panthera tigris) Subspecies: Javan Tiger (P. T. sondaica), Balinese Tiger (P. T. balica), and Caspian Tiger (P. T. virgata), Including Previously Unpublished Specimens

@inproceedings{Yamaguchi2013LocatingSO,
  title={Locating Specimens of Extinct Tiger (Panthera tigris) Subspecies: Javan Tiger (P. T. sondaica), Balinese Tiger (P. T. balica), and Caspian Tiger (P. T. virgata), Including Previously Unpublished Specimens},
  author={Nobuyuki Yamaguchi and Carlos A. Driscoll and Lars Werdelin and Alexei V. Abramov and G{\'a}bor Csorba and Jacques Cuisin and B Fernholm and Michael Hiermeier and Daphne M. Hills and Luke T. B. Hunter and Hiroyuki Itakura and Ulf S. Johansson and Vitaliy Kascheev and Katrin Krohmann and Thomas Martin and Małgosia Nowak-Kemp and Igor Pavlinov and Francis Renoud and Louise Tomsett and Steven van der Mije and Elena I. Zholnerovskaya and Colin P. Groves and Andrew C. Kitchener and Vincent Nijman and David W. Macdonald},
  year={2013}
}
Abstract. Recent advances in multivariate statistics, and in ancient DNA techniques, have greatly increased understanding of tiger phylogeography. However, regardless of advances in analytical methodology, researchers will continue to need access to specimens for morphological measurements and sampling for genetic analysis. The tiger has become increasingly endangered, and out of the nine putative tiger subspecies, three (Javan, Balinese, and Caspian) have become extinct in the last 100 years… Expand
A Previously Undescribed Javan Tiger Panthera tigris sondaica Specimen, and Other Old, Rare Tiger Specimens in the Finnish Museum of Natural History
Abstract. We describe a specimen of the extinct Javan tiger Panthera tigris sondaica in the Finnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS (FMNH) in Helsinki, Finland. This specimen has not previously beenExpand
Genetic ancestry of the extinct Javan and Bali tigers.
TLDR
The close phylogenetic relationship among Sunda tiger subspecies suggests either recent colonization across the islands, or else a once continuous tiger population that had subsequently isolated into different island subspecies, and supports the hypothesis that the Sumatran tiger is the closest living relative to the extinct Javan and Bali tigers. Expand
Genetic Ancestry of the Extinct Javan and
TLDR
The close phylogenetic relationship among Sunda tiger subspecies suggests either recent colonization across the islands, or else a once continuous tiger population that had subsequently isolated into different island subspecies. Expand
Planning tiger recovery: Understanding intraspecific variation for effective conservation
TLDR
A fundamental rethinking of the conventional tiger taxonomy paradigm is supported, which will have profound implications for the management of in situ and ex situ tiger populations and boost conservation efforts by facilitating a pragmatic approach to tiger conservation management worldwide. Expand
Big cat biogeography, morphology and climate change
This thesis investigates the long term biogeographic factors which may have contributed towards subspecific variation within modern populations of the lion (Panthera leo) and tiger (Panthera tigris).Expand
Patterns of sexual dimorphism in the Persian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) and implications for sex differentiation
TLDR
Investigation of sexual size differences in the Leopard finds significant inter-sexual differences in skull size whereas it was not meaningful after removing the effect of size to address skull shape, and a combination of craniometric and morphological features is proposed for sex differentiation in Leopards. Expand

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TLDR
Assessment of verified subspecies ancestry offers a powerful tool that, if applied to tigers of uncertain background, may considerably increase the number of purebred tigers suitable for conservation management. Expand
Mitochondrial Phylogeography Illuminates the Origin of the Extinct Caspian Tiger and Its Relationship to the Amur Tiger
TLDR
Phylogeographic analysis with extant tiger subspecies suggests that less than 10,000 years ago the Caspian/Amur tiger ancestor colonized Central Asia via the Gansu Corridor from eastern China then subsequently traversed Siberia eastward to establish the Amur tiger in the Russian Far East. Expand
Phylogeography and Genetic Ancestry of Tigers (Panthera tigris)
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Recent genetic analysis has shown that the extinct Caspian Tiger (P. t. virgata) and the living Amur Tigers (P. t. altaica) of the Russian Far East are actually taxonomically synonymous and thatExpand
Craniometric variation in the tiger (Panthera tigris): Implications for patterns of diversity, taxonomy and conservation
Abstract Patterns of geographical variation in tigers are reviewed extensively by a morphometric analysis based on 273 skulls of certain wild origin. The following principal observations emergingExpand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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