Localization of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in the normal murine small intestine and colon.

BACKGROUND The transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) proteins are key regulators of cellular growth and differentiation. Previous studies have shown that TGF-beta 1 is a potent growth inhibitor of cultured jejunal epithelial cells. The reported distribution of TGF-beta 1 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression along the intestinal villus has been controversial… (More)