Localization of blood coagulation factors in the germinal centers of human Peyer's patches.

Abstract

The immunohistochemical distribution of 15 blood coagulation factors in the germinal centers (GCs) of human Peyer's patches (PPs) was studied. Although factor VIII, active alpha-thrombin, and fibrinogen were hardly evident in the GCs, the majority of coagulation factors, such as kallikrein, high-molecular-weight kininogen, factors XII, X, IX, VII, V, XIIIa and XIIIb, prothrombin, anti-thrombin III and inactive alpha-thrombin were found, showing a lace-like staining pattern similar to that obtained with a monoclonal antibody, R4/23, specific for follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) in the GCs. By immunoelectron microscopy, positive reactions for factor X and XIIIa were found on the surfaces of FDCs, GC cells, and/or in the intercellular spaces of GCs, being especially marked on the surface of the labyrinth-like structure of FDCs. It is concluded that a majority of coagulation factors are localized in the GCs of human PPs. Furthermore, it is suggested that some of these coagulation factors have a close topographical relationship with FDCs.

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Cite this paper

@article{Kudo1992LocalizationOB, title={Localization of blood coagulation factors in the germinal centers of human Peyer's patches.}, author={Shin-ei Kudo and Mitsunori Yamakawa and Yutaka Imai and Marie Tsukamoto}, journal={Histology and histopathology}, year={1992}, volume={7 2}, pages={175-81} }