Local government, poverty reduction and inequality in Johannesburg

@article{Beall2000LocalGP,
  title={Local government, poverty reduction and inequality in Johannesburg},
  author={Jo Beall and Owen S. Crankshaw and Susan Parnell},
  journal={Environment \& Urbanization},
  year={2000},
  volume={12},
  pages={107 - 122}
}
This paper discusses the difficulties facing the post-apartheid metropolitan government of Johannesburg as it reforms itself, seeking to better respond to the needs of all its citizens, while also attracting new investment. These difficulties include high levels of poverty, unemployment and inequality as well as the apartheid legacy of “separate development” with its large backlog of poor quality housing and inadequate basic services, much of it concentrated in former “black townships” and… 

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References

Did the apartheid economy ‘fail’?
It is often claimed — by analysts right across the political spectrum — that the apartheid economy grew ‘exceptionally rapidly’ until the early 1970s. Rarely, however, is evidence provided to back up