Local anesthetic failure in endodontics

  title={Local anesthetic failure in endodontics},
  author={K. Hargreaves and K. Keiser},
  journal={Endodontic Topics},
  • K. Hargreaves, K. Keiser
  • Published 2002
  • Medicine
  • Endodontic Topics
  • Many patients fear endodontic procedures due to a concern about pain. Although pain treatment is well managed in many endodontic patients, there exists a group of patients who do not receive adequate local anesthesia. This article reviews the mechanisms of local anesthetic failure and focuses on available evidence for developing effective and efficient approaches in local anesthesia. 
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