Local and regional variation in hemlock seedling establishment in forests of the upper Great Lakes region , USA

@inproceedings{Rooney1998LocalAR,
  title={Local and regional variation in hemlock seedling establishment in forests of the upper Great Lakes region , USA},
  author={Thomas P. Rooney and Donald M. Waller},
  year={1998}
}
Successful tree regeneration requires both successful seedling establishment and subsequent survival and growth suf®cient to ensure recruitment. We examined patterns of initial seedling establishment in randomly selected stands of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) distributed across northern Wisconsin and eastern Upper Michigan. In 1990, we counted all hemlock seedlings (de®ned as 4±29 cm tall) and sampled substrate conditions in two 7 7 m quadrats of 142 hemlock and hemlock± hardwood stands… CONTINUE READING
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