Local action of estrogen and thyroid hormone on vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and galanin gene expression in the rat anterior pituitary.


Neuropeptides act within the pituitary as autocrine or paracrine factors, modulating the synthesis and release of primary pituitary hormones, and possibly regulating cell proliferation and/or plasticity. Manipulation of the endocrine status of rats produces dramatic long-term changes in the pituitary expression of several peptides, including the… (More)