Local Extinction of Bull Kelp (Durvillaea spp.) Due to a Marine Heatwave

  title={Local Extinction of Bull Kelp (Durvillaea spp.) Due to a Marine Heatwave},
  author={Mads Solgaard Thomsen and Luca Mondardini and Tommaso Alestra and Se{\'a}n Gerrity and Leigh W. Tait and Paul M. South and Stacie A. Lilley and David R. Schiel},
  journal={Frontiers in Marine Science},
Detailed research has documented gradual changes to biological communities attributed to increases in global average temperatures. However, localized and abrupt temperature anomalies associated with heatwaves may cause more rapid biological changes. We analysed temperature data from the South Island of New Zealand and investigated whether the hot summer of 2017/18 affected species of bull kelp, Durvillaea antarctica, D. poha and D. willana. Durvillaea spp. are large iconic seaweed that inhabit… 

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